Are you willing to discover how bamboo flooring is made? I will bring the craftsmanship and art of making bamboo flooring to light. You’ve noticed bamboo in your neighborhood growing or being utilized as decorations in various style furnishings. You might even have a lucky bamboo plant in your home. However, you might still need help with how bamboo transitions from a plant to flooring.
Bamboo flooring might be a fantastic option for those concerned about the environment. The flooring is environmentally friendly and sustainable when used appropriately. Bamboo is processed to provide an appealing wood floor with minimum waste.
The best approach to ensure that flooring has been created in a way that is as healthy for the environment as it is for the consumer is to choose excellent quality flooring from reputable manufacturers, notwithstanding certain worries regarding the chemicals used in treating particular plants. After reading this article, you’ll be prepared to harvest and create your bamboo products, which contain useful information about how bamboo flooring is made. So let’s get started!
What is Bamboo?
The grass, known as bamboo, is indigenous to many tropical regions. All of our flooring is made from bamboo that is cultivated in China. Bamboo has a hollow center and a rigid outer shell that resembles being notched. Compared to hardwood trees, it grows incredibly quickly and is quite sustainable. A bamboo plant can mature in about five years, making it a well-liked and environmentally friendly substitute for wood. The bamboo plant also has the benefit of self-regenerating. This implies that bamboo will keep growing even after it has been harvested. As a result, the bamboo forest doesn’t need to be replanted.
How Bamboo Flooring is Made
Although it can seem unbelievable, bamboo is something serious when it comes to flooring. Bamboo prevails over hardwood flooring in comparison for sturdiness, dependability, and upscale good aesthetics. Growing in native woods, however, makes the journey from deep down the wild to your home’s floors interesting. Below, we’ll look more closely at this amazing product and the process used to create bamboo flooring.
Bamboo might be harvested in at least three years, but waiting four to six years is best. This contrasts with most hardwood trees, which require decades to become harvestable. The bamboo can be harvested without harming the grass; instead, it keeps growing strong and abundantly for subsequent harvests. Bamboo harvests should ideally start in the fall or winter when the moisture content is lowest. The bamboo may split while curing as a result of summer harvests.
Each stalk used to make Ambient flooring is taken from the main culm, which resembles the trunk of the bamboo plant. It then undergoes a thorough inspection. Weaker culms can be reused and utilized to create non-durable items or as energy in other industrial processes.
After being collected, the challenging process of turning bamboo from grass into flooring starts. The bamboo stalk is separated from the green outer shell and sliced into long strips known as fillets. Bamboo strips still have their original curl at this point. The bamboo can be milled along its outside edges to produce a flat strip that is more suited for future flooring. The strips are subsequently dried and cooked to get rid of moisture as well as innate sugars and starches.
The bamboo can be boiled for two reasons. The first benefit is that it reduces the finished product’s appeal to pests like termites, which frequently infest other timber goods. This termite resistance makes bamboo flooring increasingly appealing in regions with significant termite populations. Second, when bamboo is boiled, it becomes less susceptible to expansion and contraction than hardwood flooring in humid environments.
If a color more like hardwood flooring is wanted, the bamboo can be darkened using a carbonization process once the boiling & drying are finished. Bamboo is darkened via carbonization under pressure and steam. From dark coffee to pale amber, the colors are varied. However, people are increasingly selecting stained bamboo flooring to preserve its natural color or a color of their choosing. The bamboo is examined once the initial adjustments are finished. Inspectors assign the bamboo an A or B grade.
Strand-Woven Bamboo Flooring
The remaining strands of the long bamboo fillets are cut off during the milling phase of the bamboo processing. Part of what keeps bamboo flooring so sustainable is using what would be classified as a waste product from another form of wood. Beautiful flooring is made by weaving together the tiny strands in intricate patterns and compressing them with glue. The strand woven flooring is roughly twice as hard as other types of bamboo flooring and is sturdy, long-lasting, scratch resistant, resistant to UV rays, and moisture-resistant.
Horizontal and Vertical Bamboo Flooring
The majority of bamboo flooring is made up of bamboo fillets. After being boiled, the strips are once more baked in a kiln before bonding to form a horizontal or vertical grain. Vertical bamboo flooring is made by adhering numerous bamboo strips together at their thin edges. These strips are joined together and separated by a thin layer of lamination. The final product resembles regular hardwood flooring in terms of smoothness and uniformity.
Bamboo flooring is made horizontally by fusing the broader surfaces together with the upward-facing surfaces. Lamination is also used in this flooring design. The flooring’s thickness is constant throughout, thanks to the laminating process. The knuckles or growing rings of the stalk are sporadically visible on the final horizontal flooring.
The final step in creating all three varieties of bamboo flooring—horizontal grain, vertical grain, & strand-woven grain—involves grinding the boards. Bamboo flooring utilizes the well-known tongue and groove mechanism typically used with wood flooring. This guarantees a smooth surface and a tight fit and results in a product that resembles hardwood flooring in terms of aesthetics. The flooring is given many layers of aluminum oxide finish to make it even more wear and tear-resistant from regular use.
While the greatest bamboo flooring is produced using ecologically friendly techniques, some businesses employ less than optimal practices. These businesses might employ bamboo that is under four years old, which is premature, and rely heavily on glue additives like formaldehyde. While these methods bring down costs, they also impair quality and harm the environment.
The construction of the products, the ends of the board to make sure there are no spaces in the layers of bamboo, and whether or not fillers have been used to shore up gaps should all be considered when choosing which sort of bamboo flooring to purchase. A smooth and consistent texture should be applied to the flooring finish in an even layer.
Understanding how different types of bamboo flooring are created makes it simpler to comprehend how the grass is changed into a long-lasting and lovely flooring solution. A great substitute for more conventional hardwood flooring is bamboo flooring.
Design of Bamboo Flooring
The stump & roots of fallen trees are left on the surface to wither. But when bamboo is harvested properly, the root system is left untouched, allowing it to re-grow to its full size. Typically, bamboo is collected when the stalks are six or older. Bamboo won’t make a strong floor if it is harvested sooner. The bamboo can be too brittle if harvested later. The flooring is made with remarkably minimal waste because it is hollow. A particularly sustainable flooring product is created by using every grass element in the process.
Here’s how we acquire bamboo flooring in so many hues. Following the cutting of the bamboo stalks into strips, producers can leave the strips as-is or carbonize the strips to darken the wood.
After stripping, bamboo strips were immediately pressure steamed to carbonize the bamboo, giving it a deeper hue. To color the bamboo through the strips, carbon will be added to the steam chamber rather than just the surface. The color of carbonized bamboo can be anything from light coffee to honey or caramel. When studying bamboo flooring, remember that carbonizing reduces the floor’s strength by 8% and 10%.
Bamboo strips are heated up to remove impurities after being harvested and stripped. The bamboo starts to show its true color. It’s a pale shade of wood, nearly golden. This bamboo color is considered “natural,” so additional color processing is unnecessary. After that, the boards are joined using adhesive and pressure to create bamboo planks.
After being made, bamboo planks may also be stained to provide a wide range of colors. Bamboo distributors will dye the wood almost any color in the spectrum to match any interior design style. Paint or hand rubbing can be used to apply stain. Boards in a range of designs and colors can be made from bamboo. You can finish the surfaces or leave them unfinished. When selecting bamboo flooring, they’re an infinite amount of options to take into account. Let’s start by looking more closely at how bamboo flooring is made.
Maintenance of Bamboo Flooring
Maintaining the appearance and longevity of bamboo flooring by performing routine maintenance is crucial. Bamboo is a material that is both environmentally friendly and long-lasting; nevertheless, it requires special care in order to retain its attractive appearance over time. The following are some maintenance suggestions for bamboo flooring.
Sweep or vacuum the floor regularly to eliminate dirt, dust, and other material that could harm the surface. To keep the bamboo from getting scratched, it is best to use a broom with soft bristles or a vacuum cleaner that has a soft brush attachment.
Utilize the Proper Cleaning Supplies
Use a light soap diluted in water or a pH-neutral bamboo floor cleaner for routine cleaning. Abrasive cleaners, ammonia-based cleaners, and harsh chemicals should be avoided since they can harm the finish.
Protect Against Scratches
For the purpose of preventing dirt and debris from reaching the floor, place rugs or mats at the entrances. Protect the legs with felt or rubber padding when transporting furniture to avoid scratches.
Limit Too Much Moisture
A lot of water or liquid spills should be avoided because bamboo is sensitive to dampness. Spills should be immediately cleaned up to avoid harm. To clean, use a damp mop or microfiber cloth. Water should not be used excessively since this can lead to swelling and warping.
Over time, fading and discoloration can be brought on by direct sunshine. Cover windows with blinds, curtains, or UV-protective coverings to reduce exposure to the sun.
Manage the Humidity
To prevent the bamboo from expanding or contracting excessively, maintain a constant indoor humidity level, ideally between 40% & 60%.
Refinish or Recoat
You should recoat or refinish the bamboo flooring every few years, depending on how much it has been used. For recommendations, refer to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Avoid Heavy Objects and High Heels
Bamboo flooring can be dented and scratched by heavy things and high heels. Be cautious when moving large pieces of furniture or walking on the floor in high heels.
Remember that based on the manufacturer’s recommendations and the chosen finish, the particular maintenance needs for your bamboo flooring may change. To ensure the durability and aesthetic appeal of your bamboo flooring, always adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning and upkeep.
Pros And Cons Of Bamboo Flooring
Here are the pros and cons of bamboo flooring, which has many of the same pros and cons as hardwood flooring, plus a few more benefits.
Bamboo Flooring Pros
Although bamboo appeals to people interested in utilizing natural, sustainable building materials the most, it also has many advantages that make it a desirable option for anyone shopping for flooring.
Simple to Maintain
Bamboo flooring requires less upkeep. Regular sweeping and vacuuming should be sufficient to eliminate dust and debris. It can look cleaner with the occasional cleaning with a bamboo flooring cleaner or a light soap and water solution.
Bamboo is susceptible to scratches and fading over time. Fortunately, the surface is simple to refinish by sanding them down and adding a fresh coating seal. Refinishing the above layer can give the bamboo floors a fresh, even appearance while safeguarding them from further harm. Be aware that bamboo-engineered flooring can’t be refinished.
It might take up to 20 years for oak, rock maple, & hickory trees to reach full maturity before they can be harvested for their traditional hardwood. On the other hand, bamboo is categorized as grass since it grows and develops in cycles lasting five to seven years and may be harvested without needing to rebuild the root structure.
Living rooms, kitchens, and entryways are good examples of high-traffic places where bamboo flooring is advantageous. It has a built-in resistance to abrasion from walking and the impact of falling objects. The grass fibers are intertwined to form strand-woven bamboo flooring, which might be three times harder than other varieties of bamboo flooring.
Depending on the bamboo flooring they use, DIYers can reduce installation costs. The “click-lock” mechanism used by floating bamboo planks is simpler to install and doesn’t require a specialist. This quick and simple installation technique also permits the floor to swell and shrink as the relative humidity in the space changes.
Pests are naturally few in bamboo. It uses hardly any pesticides, even during harvest. Termites cannot digest some of the chemicals used to cure bamboo flooring. Overall, the majority of bamboo flooring options are pet-friendly. Additionally, bamboo repels dust and pollen, is inhospitable to dust mites, and is a fantastic material for homes with allergy sufferers.
Bamboo Flooring Cons
Bamboo flooring has a lot of drawbacks similar to those of hardwood floors. Both are prone to scratches and need specialized sealants to guard against moisture. These are some drawbacks to consider if you’re considering bamboo flooring options.
Despite being a popular flooring material, bamboo has significant design restrictions. Although bamboo flooring may fit various aesthetic preferences, it works best with contemporary & Scandinavian design aesthetics. Most bamboo flooring only comes in limited finishes & tones, with just horizontal and vertical grains that may only work with some home décor settings.
Although bamboo is very resilient, its surface is easily scratchable, like most wood floors. Additionally, the darker-toned carbonized bamboo flooring is noticeably more scratch-prone. Felt pads on furniture & periodic refinishing of the bamboo floor can both increase the longevity of this flooring and lessen the visibility of scratches.
Urea-formaldehyde residues may be seen in inferior bamboo. The toxins will vary depending on the bamboo planks’ manufacturing process and the resin adhesive utilized. While more expensive products employ different materials for their resins, cheaper products have higher levels. However, bamboo flooring has just a small quantity of formaldehyde compared to conventional hardwood flooring, and sensitive people usually have problems with it.
Frequently Asked Questions
How durable is bamboo flooring?
It is anticipated to endure up to 25 years under typical family use. Sustainability and eco-friendliness are two of bamboo flooring’s greatest selling points. Bamboo plants have a quick growth rate and can be harvested every five to six years.
Are bamboo floors made of real wood?
Rather than being a hardwood, bamboo is a hardened grass. In making bamboo flooring, cylindrical, vertical bamboo stems are transformed into horizontal bamboo boards that resemble typical hardwood flooring more closely.
Is bamboo flooring water-resistant?
100% waterproof bamboo flooring with a rigid core. Most alternative bamboo flooring options with a non-rigid core, such as solid and engineered bamboo with a eucalyptus core, are water resistant.
What happens when bamboo flooring is wet?
It is still susceptible to wetness, though. The planks are susceptible to plumping, warping, & staining if they are installed in a moist setting where liquids are allowed to sit on the floor’s surface. This could also promote mold formation and mildew, particularly on the subfloor.
Is bamboo flooring resistant to termites?
The bamboo plant is not a natural food supply for termites and is considered to be termite resistant on a global scale. However, our experience has taught us that termites may consume bamboo flooring since they chew through concrete floors to get to a piece of wood they want.
Consider the bamboo flooring’s design, the ends of the board to ensure there are no gaps in the layers of bamboo, and whether or not fillers have been used to close any gaps when choosing the type of bamboo flooring to buy. The flooring should have an even layer of finish that is smooth and common in texture.
Understanding how different types of bamboo flooring are created makes comprehending how the grass is changed into a long-lasting and lovely flooring solution simpler. An excellent substitute for more conventional hardwood flooring is bamboo flooring. Make sure to seek professional advice if you’re considering installing bamboo flooring in your home to ensure it’s the best option for you.